Maryland General Liability Insurance Guide
If you own a small business in the Maryland , this information will help you understand Maryland Commercial Liability insurance and protect your business and your
personal assets from legal claims and settlements that can spell financial ruin. Whether you work in Baltimore, Columbia, Germantown, Silver Spring, Bethesda or anywhere
else in the Old Line State having sufficient
general liability insurance
is an important part of any small business plan in Maryland.
Fast Facts About Maryland Small Business
A small business is defined as any company with fewer than 500 employees. Small business is vital to Maryland’s economic well-being, accounting for more than 97%
of all state employers. Of Maryland’s 526,663 small businesses in 2008 (the latest data available), 109,693 were small employers, accounting for more than 52% of the
state’s private-sector jobs. Another 416,970 were one-person operations with no employees.
Source: SBA Maryland Small Business Profile 2011
About Commercial Liability Insurance for MD Businesses
Commercial liability insurance (also called business liability insurance and commercial general liability insurance) protects your Maryland business from
financial loss resulting from claims of injury or damage cause to others by you or your employees. A policy typically covers:
- Bodily Injury – physical damage to a person other than an employee at your place of business and
injuries caused by you or an employee at a client’s home or work place.
- Property Damage – damage caused by you or an employee to someone else’s property.
- Personal Injury – libel, slander, copyright infringement, invasion of property or privacy,
wrongful eviction, false arrest and similar acts that cause damage to a person’s reputation or rights.
- Advertising Injury – losses caused by your advertising
- Legal Defense and Judgments – costs to defend against real and frivolous suits and judgments up
to the limit of your coverage. Note this generally does not include punitive damages for negligence
or willful misconduct.
Maryland Minimum Business Insurance Requirements
Commercial Liability Insurance is not mandatory for businesses operating in Maryland. Maryland is a pure contributory negligence fault state. The plaintiff must
be 100% free of fault to recover damages. Non-economic personal injury is capped at $725,000 per occurrence in Maryland, but increases $15,000 on October 1 of each
year. The statute of limitations for general personal injury and products liability is 3 year. Accidents and lawsuits (legitimate and frivolous) do happen in
Maryland. If you own property or other valuable assets you would be wise to invest in sufficient commercial general liability coverage for your Maryland small
How Much Maryland Commercial Liability Insurance Should You Carry?
Each situation is unique, but as a general guideline, the type of Maryland business you operate or products you manufacture should determine how much Maryland
commercial general liability insurance you need. A good rule of thumb for most small businesses is between $500,000 and $1 million. However, if yours is a high-risk
business such as the building trades or has a high volume of interaction with the public such as a restaurant or retail business, you should consider increasing your
coverage. Note that if you operate out of your home, your homeowner’s or renter’s insurance has limited coverage for business liability and loss.
How Are Premium Costs Assessed?
Maryland commercial liability insurance premiums are based on a number of factors including the types of service or products you provide, the number of people you
employ, how long you’ve been in business, and your claims history. Coverage is typically capped at a specific dollar amount for your policy period.
Other Insurance to Consider for Your Maryland Small Business
Maryland requires that anyone who employs one or more persons, whether full or part time, carry
workers compensation insurance.
Sole proprietors with no employees are not required to carry workers compensation. Other exemptions may apply. For more details, visit the Maryland Workers
Compensation Commission web site at www.wcc.state.md.us.
Maryland requires that all drivers carry minimum automobile insurance. If you use your car or truck for business, it is recommended that you
purchase a commercial vehicle policy.
Employee Disability Insurance
Business Owner’s Policy (BOP)
Errors & Omissions (E&O)
Employment Practices Liability Insurance (EPLI)
Commercial Property Insurance
Regulating Agency and References
Maryland Bureau of Insurance Administration
This agency is responsible for regulating all insurance policies sold in the state, including commercial liability coverage.
||(800) 492- 6116
Maryland Small Business Administration
The SBA is an independent agency of the federal government created to aid, counsel, assist and protect the interests of small business concerns and maintains a
District Office in Baltimore. Get the link to the Maryland SBA at
National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC)
This is an organization of insurance regulators from the 50 states, District of Columbia and the five U.S. territories. NAIC provides a forum for the development
of uniform policies when appropriate. It also offers an online form for filing complaints, reporting suspected insurance fraud and downloading key financial
information about insurance carriers at
Insurance Information Institute (III)
This organization’s mission is to improve public understanding of insurance – what it is and how it works. Visit III at
Get competitive quotes for commercial liability insurance and all your business insurance needs at http://www.EINSURANCE.com/business-insurance/.
Related General Liability and Other Business Insurance Articles
Premises Liability Insurance Basics for Small Business
What’s the Difference Between Workers Compensation and Employee Disability Insurance?
How to Save on Workers Compensation Insurance for Small Business, Part I
How to Shop for Commercial Fleet Insurance
Last Updated: 8/29/2011